Complementary And Alternative Therapies In Australia




CAM therapy and Nutrition in Australia

It is a natural human response to seek more information and alternative advice when faced with a significant health problem and a positive sign that you are motivated to improve your health.                                                                                                   

Unfortunately it can be very challenging to decipher the quality of information you are being presented with and this seems particularly challenging in Nutrition. The goal of our section on complementary and alternative therapies and nutrition is to help you make an informed choice in what is becoming a busy space.


Alternative and complementary medicine such as herbs and supplements have been around for a significant amount of time.  Unfortunately regulatory systems face a significant challenge to adequately keep pace with an industry that according to some sources accounts for 4 billion dollars in revenue per year in Australia alone.(1)



Complementary and alternative therapies (CAM)

CAM refers to complementary and alternative medicine which essentially refers to two different health support methods.   Complementary therapies refer to those therapies that do not replace or preclude conventional medical therapies and are generally used in conjunction with conventional medical treatments. Alternative therapies are treatment options outside the orthodox range that may be used in place of conventional treatments.(2)

There are many different CAM providers in Australia including but not limited to Alexander technique, Aromatherapy, Herbal medicine, Homeopathy, Naturopathy, Nutritional medicine ( to be honest i am not sure what Nutritional Medicine is although it certainly sounds fancy) and Reiki.

It is open to conjecture as to which treatment would be viewed as complementary or alternative and may be dependent on the practitioners health philosophy more so than the practitioners background.  This may also be impacted on by the reality that many practitioners offer a wide variety of services with varying evidence and effectiveness as an example one practitioner may offer and be qualified in Reiki, Naturopathy, Herbal medicine and Homeopathy so therefore could offer some services that are complementary and some that would be alternative




Nutrition advice

It is common for CAM practitioners to offer nutritional advice and many also refer to themselves as nutritionists however the level of their nutritional knowledge is not known or standardised across courses and as such may be extremely variable. Unlike the term Accredited Practicing Dietitian which is protected by law Nutritionist is an unprotected term which means any individual can refer to themselves as a nutritionist regardless of their skills or knowledge.

CAM providers overview 

There is a wide variety of CAM practitioners operating in Australia currently however the market is significantly dominated by Naturopathy, Homeopathy, Traditional Chinese medicine and Herbalists. It is not known how many CAM practitioners there are in Australia only that there has been a significant growth in this area.  One major natural health training college reports that it has had over 20,000 graduates by itself which indicates the numbers may be very high (3)





Naturopathy is a system of healing that aims to provide holistic or whole body health care by drawing on treatment methods from several traditional systems of medicine. Naturopathy seeks to use the natural healing powers of the body to cure itself. It focuses on treating the cause of a disease rather than the symptoms themselves.

What therapies do naturopaths use?

As well as nutrition, naturopaths may use herbal medicines, homeopathy, nutrition therapy and massage and some naturopaths are trained in counselling skills. Bach flower remedies and iridology — a technique in which the iris of the eye is examined and is said to give information about a person’s tendency to develop disease — may also be used by some naturopaths.


Homeopathy is an “alternative medicine” invented in the early 19th century by German doctor Samuel Hahnemann. Despite numerous experiments showing homeopathy to have no effect, it has become a multi-million dollar international industry with its own special rules in advertising law.

Regulation of complementary therapists

In Australia, state governments regulate complementary therapists. There are a number of efforts underway to look at greater regulatory control of this sector from both outside and inside the sector however at this stage little is know about the overall quality and safety of CAM this means that the laws differ from one state to the next. For example:

  • The complementary therapy industry in Australia is largely self-regulated.
  • It is assumed that complementary therapists are affiliated with a professional association but nobody actually knows if this is true.
  • Membership may require that therapists maintain a certain standard of care but weather these standards are consistent across disciplines is unknown.
  • However, membership is usually voluntary, which means there is no legal obligation.



Do these therapies work 

Many Australian access CAM therapies and have reported positive experiences and outcomes. The vast majority of these practitioners are dedicated individuals that strongly believe in what they are doing who have embarked on a course to help improve the health of their clients.

Considerable research is being undertaken into the effectiveness of these treatments and practitioners and some research initially indicated potential benefit. Unfortunately when these techniques and therapies are assessed against quality research standards to date they have been found to lack credible evidence .

One significant review was commissioned by the federal government in 2014 to ensure that natural therapies were underpinned by a credible evidence base that demonstrated clinical efficacy, cost-effectiveness and safety and quality. This major review released its findings in 2015 on 17 natural therapies including Aromatherapy Ayurveda , Buteyko, Feldenkrais , Herbalism /Western Herbalism , Homeopathy ,Iridology, Kinesiology and Naturopathy

it was unable to conclude that any worked.


CAM therapists

As with any Health professional if you choose to include a CAM professional in your care seek an individual that aligns with you view of health is well qualified and is a member of a major regulatory organisation.


Model vs Practitioner

Many of the basic underling nutritional principles of proposed by individuals working in CAM such as consumption of less processed foods and increased consumption of fresh, raw fruits, vegetables, wholegrain, seeds and nuts fits well with conventional medicine and nutrition therapy.

Concepts such as those in naturopathy which states that it seeks to use the natural healing powers of the body to cure itself focusing on treating the cause of a disease rather than the symptoms themselves is something that we all want to hear as is the idea of holistic care and unfortunately this want to believe can cloud our judgment .

All health professionals seek greater learning of natural processes to heal the body and I applaud the great work that has been undertaken in Naturopathy in particular to find alternative avenues and cures to improve health outcomes.

Holistic Whole Person Care 

If your mainstream diabetes team are not supportive and holistic in their practice. 

find ones that are

There are plenty of high quality mainstream health professionals out there that treat the whole person.  Complementary health providers did not invent holistic care they do however in many cases work in a quality models of care in regard to time spent with the person and our biggest lesson from their practice is to offer a quality product that is person centered and spend the time it requires to do it well regardless of price. 

What works 

Choose Quality Not Price Point 

We know that lifestyle is at the forefront of diabetes management . We know the care should be person centered and individualized we know it should be led by experts in lifestyle care such as CDE,s APD,s And Exercise Physiologists  and take a minimum of 40 minutes.

Current Situation

Unfortunately our current health system model may not lend itself to this type of care. We currently fund primary health very well via the team care and chronic disease management plan processes for care plans around diabetes care via care plan process. That process costs the individual nothing and rarely has input at the front form the experts in diabetes care around lifestyle. 

This process then generates 5 shared subsidized visits to the individuals that hold the specialist knowledge such as CDE,s Exercise Physiologists etc.

This subsidy is unfortunately less that half the cost of doing business well in 2022 and about 15% of what the GP practice received for putting a plan together in the fist instance 



CAM opinion 2022

Unfortunately this industry may be poorly regulated and much of the science is being openly questioned as not evidence based. From a nutrition perspective we have no way of knowing if a particular CAM practitioner has standardized knowledge or even if practitioners are taught the same information at different training institutions

Some CAM practitioners are now university trained which will hopefully  lead to a greater integration of their skills and ideally produce some evidence for their practice but unfortunately others may have as little as 2-3 weeks nutrition training.

I look forward to learning from CAM practitioners and researchers but believe the best way to achieve that is by high quality research at major research Universities and standardized high level courses. Sadly  rather than supporting this to occur we appear to have supported mass access to multiple mid level training organizations.

Nutrition is a complex area and requires a significant skill set in understanding physiological processes and scientific methodology.

The vast majority of individuals practicing in this area that i have had contact with appear caring dedicated individuals that really want to help. Unfortunately the evidence suggests that much of what they do is not backed by science. 





The key risk is that  these some in these professions appear to be relying on unproven techniques to  diagnose things like allergies, intolerance’s and nutritional deficiencies which in most cases do not exist or are inconsequential.

A few tests to be wary of

  • Hair analysis (Hair analysis is not reliable for evaluating the nutritional status of individuals)
  • Vega (electro-diagnostic) testing (Evidence Level II: inaccurate test)
  • Cytotoxic testing (“Bryan’s test”) and the Alcat test (Evidence Level II: inaccurate test)
  • Iridology (Evidence Level II: inaccurate test)
  • Kinesiology (Evidence Level II: inaccurate test)
  • IgG food antibody testing and other techniques (Evidence Level II: inaccurate test)
  • VoiceBio©TM (Evidence Level: no evidence)
  • Zinc Tally test (dosent work not specific or sensitive) 

This is a nice independent article from Choice that cover allergies well 

disorders that may not exist

Pyroles have been accused of practically all of societies ills and there is no question we have pyroles and they can be found in the urine . Weather there is any such thing as a pyrole disorder however if very debatable.  Testing for pyroles if you have a particular set of symptoms tells you nothing about the cause of the symptoms or if the pyrols are the cause or just a handy marker to blame. The science behind this test dosent stand up to rational scientific scrutiny  

And the list go on and on . We all suffer minor symptoms and irritations as part of life such as  tiredness and bloating . If you have an issue and need to find out what is causing it go to your GP


You may walk away from a CAM consultation with some good basic nutrition advice unfortunately you may also walk away with a pile of expensive vitamins and minerals you do not need for a deficiency you do not have which has been assessed by a technique that doesn’t work .

Unfortunately I cannot recommend them be very wary looking after and preventing diabetes requires lifelong dedication to sound nutrition and lifestyle changes.

Many CAM practitioners sell an easy answer to complicated nutritional and behavioral problems in a concept we all want to hear the natural healing powers of the body to cure itself. This is a great concept and the mind is very powerful even the placebo effect is quite amazing I just think we need to separate the fact from fiction and there is far too much fiction being taught


This site is very informative although i note as it is the view of someone else i do not necessarily endorse all its content  View of a former Natropath